The 3rd of October is a festive holiday in Germany.
On October 3, 1990, the unification treaty entered into force, with which the former GDR joined the Federal Republic – thus the division of Germany was overcome after 45 years. East and West Germany have been reunited this year for 29 years. An entire generation has since grown up, which has no memories of the division.
1. How did the 3rd of October become a national holiday?
The 3rd of October is the day of the German unification and thus the most important holiday for the whole of Germany. The accession of the GDR to the area of application of the Basic Law pursuant to Article 23 of the Basic Law decided by the People’s Chamber of the GDR on 23 August 1990 came into force on 29 September 1990. This was the legal prerequisite for reunification. Its formal conclusion was the process of reunification a week later on 3 October 1990, the official accession of the GDR to the Federal Republic. On October 3, 2019, Germany celebrates the national holiday for the 29th time.
The GDR ceased to exist on October 3, 1990. This was not just a turnaround for Germany, it was the end of the Cold War and Europe grew together.
After 45 years of separation, the state unity of Germany was restored. At the same time, Berlin, the state and capital of unified Germany, has since been reunited and exempted from the Occupation Statute.